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Wash the wound with soap and water for 15 minutes. Yes, that is a long time but, it has been proven to be effective in removing the rabies virus. Notify your family physician and local Health Department providing information as to the owner of the animal, description of the animal and its location. If you don't, you could get rabies.
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To protect not only your own health, but other persons as well by assuring that your pet remains healthy for ten days after the incident.
No. You will assure the safety of yourself and others that may come in contact with the pet by knowing that it was quarantined for 10 days and properly vaccinated.
By observing the animal for 10 days we are assured that the pet could not have been shedding the rabies virus in its saliva at the time of the bite or scratch. No vaccine is 100% effective 100% of the time.
Many animals lick their feet, especially cats. Dogs frequently lay with their heads (mouths) on their feet, subsequently putting potentially infectious saliva in direct contact with their toenails.
Not usually. In most cases we will allow you to quarantine your pet at home if you have a secure area for your dog or if you are willing to keep your cat in the house for the 10 days. If you cannot provide secure quarantine we may require that you board your pet at your veterinarian's office or at the animal shelter at your own expense. You may reclaim your pet at the end of the 10 day period.
Most bites/scratches are accidental, caused by stepping on your cats tail, or playing too rough with your dog. Other bites are generally "provoked". In the dog's point of view you teased, scared, threatened, surprised, interrupted or in some other way caused a fear response.
An animal bite is not a statement of the dog's viciousness; it usually indicates that the dog has not been properly socialized or trained. The majority of animals that bite are sexually intact. Spay or neuter your pets.
Even so-called "house dogs" go out to use the bathroom and house cats can escape. In the length of time it takes for the dog to potty, it could come in contact with a sick bat or the cat could surprise a raccoon or other wild animal.
Only a laboratory test of the animals brain tissue can definitely diagnose Rabies Virus. Rabies is a viral disease affecting the central nervous system. Early signs are behavioral and may include hiding, refusal to interact with family members, in general just not "feeling good".
Other symptoms may be inability to walk or stand, excessive salivation (due to throat and jaw muscles becoming paralyzed) and finally convulsions and/or excessively aggressive behavior.
In this area, vaccination fees range from $10 to $20 and only a licensed veterinarian or a Certified Rabies Vaccinator can administer the vaccine. Craven Pamlico Animal Services Center has Certified Rabies Vaccinators on staff that can administer a one-year vaccine only. The cost is $10. Three-year vaccines may be administered by a licensed veterinarian only.
Failure to provide proof of rabies vaccination is a criminal offense, punishable under NCGS 130A-185. Court costs, plus other fines can be levied. Other local penalties may also apply.
If your pet does get rabies and subsequently exposes you or someone else to the virus, it can cost thousands of dollars to treat that person. You could also be subject to civil prosecution by the victims.
Wildlife are protected in NC and can only be removed from a property by a licensed wildlife depradation agent. To find one in your area: NC Licensed Wildlife Depredation Agents.
City of New Bern residents should contact the City of New Bern Animal Control Department at 252-633-2020.